Marsiglia Soap

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Marsiglia Soap

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Marsiglia Soap

Messaggioda Aldebaran » 09/05/2010, 14:18

Traditionally, the [b] soap [/ b] is a soap made with traditional method with only vegetable oils and contain at least 72% of fatty acids (soap itself). Initially was produced exclusively with olive oil, but are currently allowed other types of vegetable oils.
In France you can find made with olive oil (green) or mixtures of coconut oil or palm (white).

Unfortunately in Italy there are products that although are labeled as containing soap also derived from other types of fat.

[b] History [/ b]
Since 1300, the availability of locally produced olive oil promoted the birth of the production of soap in Marseille. Soda (although in this case was not properly caustic soda) was obtained from the ashes of salicornia, a perennial plant widely grown in the area.
Crescas Davin, in the fourteenth century, is the first official city saponaio. In 1593, Georges Prunemoyr, past the stage craft, establishing the first factory Marseilles.

Early seventeenth century, the production of soap from Marseilles just met the demand of the city and territory. The Port of Marseille soaps also received from Genoa and Alicante. But when the war stopped the supply by Spain, the Saponai Marseille had to increase their production to meet the French in the north and purchasers Dutch, German and English.

In 1660, there were seven factories in the city whose annual production was up nearly 20,000 tonnes. Under the reign of Louis XIV, the production quality is such that the Marseillaise "Marseille Soap" became a common name. It was then a green soap which was sold mainly in bars or ingots of 5 kg to 20 kg.

On October 5, 1688 the Edict of Colbert, Minister of the Royal House of Louis XIV, adjust the manufacture of soap. This was one of Article III: you can use in the manufacture of soap, with Barilla, or soda ash, no fat, butter or other material, but only pure olive oil, and without admixture of fat, penalty of confiscation. Saponai I had to stop work during the summer because the heat damages the quality of soap. These regulations ensure the quality of the soap which made the famous Marseilles soap.

Meanwhile, soap factories were installed in the region, in Salon-de-Provence, Arles and Toulon. In 1786, 48 in Marseilles soap produced 76,000 tonnes, employing 600 workers and 1,500 forced supplied arsenal of galleys. After the crisis of the French Revolution, Marseille industry continued to develop to count to 62 soap in 1813.

At that time the firm was obtained from seawater through the process invented by Nicolas Leblanc.

From 1820, new types of fats were imported and transiting through the port of Marseille: the oil palm, peanut, coconut and sesame that were used for the manufacture of soap. The Marseille soap subnetwork competition than English or Paris, they used tallow that provides a less expensive soap.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, there were 90 in the city of Marseille soap. François Merklen stared in 1906 the formula of soap: 63% of copra and palm oil, 9% of soda or sea salt, 28% water.

The industry remained prosperous until the First World War when difficulties in shipping put in serious danger of Saponai activity. In 1913, production was 180,000 tons, but fell to 52,817 tonnes in 1918. After the war, soap benefit of advances in mechanization and the production reached 120,000 tonnes in 1938, although the quality of the product remained bound to the old manufacturing processes.

At the outbreak of World War II, Marseille always guaranteed half of French production, but the years that followed were devastating: the soap was replaced by synthetic detergents and soap from Marseilles closed one after another. Today not only have a handful of manufacturers in the region that produce excellent soaps.
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Aldebaran
 
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